Pruning And Architectural Pruning: Instructions For Use

Pruning And Architectural Pruning: Do you want an orderly garden? Get started with the architectural pruning of your trees. Arbor style to benefit from pleasant shade in summer as a curtain along a wall or an aisle? 

As there are many choices, I advise you to call on specialists to help you choose the right cut.

Architected size: definition

Architectural pruning consists of giving a precise shape and volume to a tree or shrub. This requires repeated cutting to maintain the artificial structure of the tree, whether it is a hardwood or a softwood. 

What we call “topiary” art appeared as early as Ancient Rome and responded to precise codes that guided the growth and shapes of plants and trees.

The landscapers of the time wanted to compete with the sculptors who were then very renowned. This practice then disappeared to return in force during the Renaissance, and became the symbol of the “French” but also the Italian garden. 

Did you know that the landscaper Le Notre was inspired to create those of Versailles and Vaux-le-Vicomte? [Pruning and architectural pruning]

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The different sizes are structured according to the tree

Topiary art obeys established rules, and it is essential to take into account the nature of the tree when choosing the size.

Architectural pruning for hardwoods

The plane tree supports arbor-style pruning: you will see it, especially in the south of France to form a pleasant shade.

The lime tree and the plane tree can be pruned into curtains or marquises: this is the case along city avenues, or to create castle paths.

The willow and the linden? Bet on the cat’s head, willow head, or marotte size found in the French countryside.

Flowering cherry and fruit trees can be trained against a wall or frame.

The large-leaved magnolia but also the hornbeam or even the oak, which enchant our avenues in the cities, are cut in a spindle or pyramid style. [Pruning and architectural pruning]

Architectural pruning for softwoods

You will have fewer size choices for these trees. But these are most often ornamental trees, which will particularly appear in ball or cone shapes for French gardens.

If you are in a Japanese atmosphere, you can opt for cloud shapes. There is a name for this traditional Japanese art: niwaki. It is in a way a giant bonsai: the branches have been pruned to form a refined and airy style.

Architectural size: how and when to maintain it?

If you have chosen this style of pruning for your trees, it is necessary to maintain them regularly, that is to say, every year or every two to three years. 

Please note that to give your trees a particular shape, you must intervene from a very young age and continuously. 

And this, depending on the techniques chosen: cutting in a spindle, in a ball, in a cone or even in a curtain, in a cat’s face or a cloud. [Pruning and architectural pruning]

How do we maintain the architectural pruning of trees?

Once the shapes of the trees have been created, regular pruning and cutting must be planned, on average every year or every two to three years. Fast-growing trees can sometimes even require multi-year maintenance.

This involves maintaining the volume of foliage and branches, limiting the dimensions of the cuts, and choosing angles appropriate to the tree. The care given to the tree most often allows it to combine aesthetics and improvement of its lifespan. Dead or diseased branches are eliminated. 

Regular maintenance of pruned trees

Regardless of the size you have chosen, it is always recommended to plan the cutting outside periods of sap rise or fall. This is the best time to avoid damaging the trees. Moreover, the branches should not have a diameter of more than 5 cm.

Finally, you can schedule pruning every 1 to 3 years, depending on the evolution of your trees.

Laser guidance, an instrument for curtain cutting

In the case of curtain pruning of alignment trees, some professionals offer laser guidance with an accuracy of 3 cm. This tool allows you to obtain a result close to perfection. [Pruning and architectural pruning]

Read also: How Much Does it Cost to Renovate a Garden?

Architected size: who to call on?

Who are the professionals to contact?

The specialists for pruning and pruning trees are:

  • pruners
  • loggers
  • landscapers.

I advise you to call on these experts who make the right decisions regarding the sizes to be used. They are also competent to warn you if your plants are affected by disease or if you need to space out cuts.

Pruning is a technique that requires special equipment to work at height with cutting tools. Entrusting it to a professional is always a very good idea.

How to find architected size specialists?

Are you looking for a pruner or landscaper to ask for a quote? Several solutions are available to you.

  • Using word of mouth: this method is always effective for finding trusted professionals! Do not hesitate to ask for contacts from relatives who have recently called on a pruner.
  • Search online: with a search engine or an online directory such as Yellow Pages. You will find the contact details of nearby landscapers: this always means less travel costs.

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